Los Mejores Poetas de Latinoamérica

 

Hoy, 21 de marzo, es el Día Mundial de la Poesía, declarado por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura (UNESCO, por sus siglas en inglés) en el 2001.

Hemos escogido algunos de los poetas más representativos de la lengua hispana y algunos de los detalles más importantes de su vida.

Chile

1. Pablo Neruda

Gabriel García Márquez lo definió como: “el más grande poeta en cualquier idioma durante el Siglo XX”. Neruda ganó el Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1971

2. Gabriela Mistral

Fue la primera mujer latinoamericana galardonada con el Premio Nobel de Literatura en el año de 1945. Con el dinero se compró una casa en Estados Unidos, donde escribió gran parte de Lagar I, poemas donde reflejaría parte de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

3. Alejandro Jodorowsky

A sus 85 años, Alejandro Jodorwosky sigue desarrollando algunas de sus múltiples facetas, entre ellas la de poeta. Pueden seguir su trabajo en su cuenta de Twitter @alejodorowsky.

México

4. Octavio Paz

Ganador del Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1990, Paz es uno de los poetas más influyentes en México, país que está celebrando el centenario del escritor.

5. José Emilio Pacheco

En 2009 recibió el Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes. Recién fallecido, el escritor fue una gran influencia para diferentes ámbitos como la música y el cine

6. Jaime Sabines

Es considerado uno de los más importantes poetas de México. Una de sus obras cumbres es el libro Tarumba.

Uruguay

7. Mario Benedetti

Su obra se ha traducido a más de 20 idiomas. Entre sus poemas destacados podemos recordar Táctica y Estrategia de 1984; Memoria y Esperanza de 2004 y El amor, las mujeres y la vida de 1995.

Colombia

8. José Asunción Silva

Poeta del siglo XIX, uno de los precursores del modernismo y uno de los más importantes. Entre sus obras más notables encontramos Nocturno y De Sobremesa.

9. Álvaro Mutis

El colombiano, naturalizado mexicano, fue gran amigo de Octavio Paz y de Gabriel García Márquez. Era el primer lector de los borradores de García Márquez.

Cuba

10. José Martí

Otro personaje del siglo XIX cuyo legado sigue bastante vigente. Es considerado el principal modelador de la nacionalidad cubana tal cual como la conocemos.

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Ruben Dario Festival 2017- Highlights

Ruben Dario Festival took place this past January 14, 2017 at the  Celerity Center in Hollywood. What an amazing and elegant event thanks to the Nicaraguan Consulate.

Here are some highlights of the show. There were tango, flamenco and folkloric dancers, astrologer, Edward’ O , opera singers and poets. What a wonderful night !

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Miss Nicaragua as our Masters of Ceremony.

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From Left to Right: Hazel Chevez, Elsie Campos, Ruben Dario ( bust) and Sabrina Rongstad Bravo.  Elsie Campos is an Opera Singer. What a GREAT Performance!

Nuestro Paisano, Nicaragüense, Orlando Mongalo sings opera


Leon, Nicaragua- Day 12 of Spanish Language Immersion

Nicaragua Spanish Language Immersion with The Spanish School
Octubre 25, 2016

Day 12 of Excursion to Colonial city of Leon
Leon esta mas o menos 2 horas norte desde la capital Managua.

Este dia maravilloso vimos muchos museos.
Cathedral León, Museo de la Revolucion, Museo Ruben Dario
Museo de Arte Fundación Ortiz-Gurdian ( hosts the largest collection of European and Latin American Art in all of Central America, including opus of Picasso, Chagall, Goya, Fragonard), Basílica Catedral de la Asuncion.

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Ruben Dario- Father of Modernist Poetry

Ruben Dario

Ruben Dario

 Ruben Dario  marks an important shift in the relationship between literary Europe and America. Before him, American literary trends had largely followed European ones; however, Darío was clearly the international vanguard of the Modernist Movement. The poetry we read now in the twentieth  century is a mixture of Modernism and Post Modernism. Modernist elements include 1)experimentation 2) anti-realism, 3)individualism, and 4) intellectualism.

Here is a poem Dario wrote in honor of Roosevelt. It is a good example of the intellectualism rife in Modernist poetry.

A ROOSEVELT

Es con voz de la Biblia, o verso de Walt Whitman,

que habría que llegar hasta ti, Cazador!

Primitivo y moderno, sencillo y complicado,

con un algo de Washington y cuatro de Nemrod.

Eres los Estados Unidos,

eres el futuro invasor

de la América ingenua que tiene sangre indígena,

que aún reza a Jesucristo y aún habla en español.

Eres soberbio y fuerte ejemplar de tu raza;

eres culto, eres hábil; te opones a Tolstoy.

Y domando caballos, o asesinando tigres,

eres un Alejandro-Nabucodonosor.

(Eres un profesor de energía,

como dicen los locos de hoy.)

Crees que la vida es incendio,

que el progreso es erupción;

en donde pones la bala

el porvenir pones.

No.

Los Estados Unidos son potentes y grandes.

Cuando ellos se estremecen hay un hondo temblor

que pasa por las vértebras enormes de los Andes.

Si clamáis, se oye como el rugir del león.

Ya Hugo a Grant le dijo: «Las estrellas son vuestras».

(Apenas brilla, alzándose, el argentino sol

y la estrella chilena se levanta…) Sois ricos.

Juntáis al culto de Hércules el culto de Mammón;

y alumbrando el camino de la fácil conquista,

la Libertad levanta su antorcha en Nueva York.

 Dario emphasises  the cerebral aspects of this poem as he alludes to Bacchus, Netzahualcoyotl, Atlantis ,Montezuma and Plato.


Roberto González Echevarría considers him the beginning of the modern era in Spanish language poetry: “In Spanish, there is poetry before and after Rubén Darío, he is the first major poet in the language since the seventeenth century.” He ushered Spanish-language poetry into the modern era by incorporating the aesthetic ideals and modern anxieties of Parnassiens and Symbolism, as Garcilaso had infused Castilian verse with Italianate forms and spirit in the sixteenth century, transforming it forever.

Azul (Spanish Edition)

Azul...; Cantos de vida y esperanza (COLECCION LETRAS HISPANICAS) (Letras Hispanicas / Hispanic Writings) (Spanish Edition)

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Nicaragua: Land of Poets and Volcanoes

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Volcan Mombacho-

Words should paint the color of sound, the aroma of a star.”

Rubén Darío

The very famous and controversial writer Salman Rushdie,  wrote his first memoir,  The Jaguar’s Smile, about his time in 1986 when he travels all over the country and talks to everyone from the campesino to the politician. He quotes the great poet from Granada, José Coronel Urtecho,who once said that “Every Nicaraguan is a poet until proven otherwise”.

All Nicaraguans whether they are the campesino, coffee plantation owner, policeman, lawyer and politician know how to write and recite poetry. Poetry is a national past time, and it’s very often that you hear people address each other as in ” Hey poet !”

The love of poetry in Nicaragua can be traced back to (1867-1916) there were poets like Salmon de la Selva, who was the first Latin American poet to be nominated for the Nobel Prize. But it was Ruben Dario, otherwise known as the Father of Modernism, who solidified it as the country’s dominant art form.

Most Nicaraguans have a passion for poetry and young children, beginning in first grade learn to express themselves in poetry and team up with other classmates to recite Ruben Dario’s poetry.

 Two great poets, Garcia Lorca ( Spain) and Pablo Neruda ( Chile) pay tribute to Ruben Dario in this effervescent and witty dialogue.

His red name deserves to be remembered, along with his essential tendencies, his terrible heartaches, his incandescent uncertainties, his descent to the hospitals of hell, his ascent to the castles of fame, his attributes as a great poet, now and forever undeniable.

As a Spanish poet he taught the old and the young in Spain with a generosity and a sense of universality that are lacking in the poets of today. He taught Valle-Inclán and Juan Ramón Jiménez and the Machado brothers, and his voice was water and niter in the furrows of our venerable language. From Rodrigo Caro to the Argensolas or Don Juan Arguijo, Spanish had not seen such plays on words, such clashes of consonants, such lights and forms, as in Rubén Darío. From the landscapes of Velázquez and Goya’s bonfire and Quevedo’s melancholy to the elegant apple color of the Mallorcan peasant girls, Darío walked the Spanish earth as in his own land.

After Neruda there have been many successful and noteworthy poets.

For such a small country, Nicaragua produces more poets and writers, than any other profession.

Gioconda Belli, designated amongst the 100 most important poets during the 20th century.

Claribel Alegría (1924), poet, she received the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 2006.

Héctor Avellán (1973), poet

Eugenio Batres Garcia (1941) noted newscaster and journalist, writer, author and poet.

Gioconda Belli (1948), poet

Beltrán Morales (1945-1986) poet, essayist, critic and narrator.

Erick Blandón Guevara (1951), poet

Yolanda Blanco (1954), poet and translator.

Tomás Borge (1930), writer, poet, and essayist.

Carola Brantome (1961), poet and journalist.

Omar Cabezas (1950), writer

Blanca Castellón (1961), poet

Ernesto Cardenal (1925), poet

Blanca Castellón (1958), poet

Lizandro Chávez Alfaro (1929), poet, essayist and narrator.

Juan Chow (1956), poet

José Coronel Urtecho (1906-1994), poet, translator, essayist, critic, narrator, playwright, and historian.

Alfonso Cortés (1893-1969), poet

Pablo Antonio Cuadra (1912-2002), poet

Rubén Darío (1867-1916), poet, referred to as The Father of Modernism.

Gloria Gabuardi (1945), poet and writer.

Mercedes Gordillo (1938), poet, writer and critic.

Salomón Ibarra Mayorga (1887-1985), poet and lyricist of “Salve a ti, Nicaragua”, the Nicaraguan national anthem.

Erwin Krüger (1915-1973), poet and composer.

Marta Leonor González (1973), poet, narrator and journalist.

Danilo López (1954), poet

Tino López Guerra (1906-2001), poet

Rigoberto López Pérez (1929-1936), poet and writer.

María Lourdes Pallais (1954), narrator and journalist.

Carlos Martínez Rivas (1924-1998), poet

Francisco Mayorga (1949), writer

Ernesto Mejía Sánchez (1923-1985), poet

Christianne Meneses Jacobs (1971), writer, editor, and publisher.

Vidaluz Meneses (1944) poet

Tania Montenegro (1969), poet and journalist.

Rosario Murillo (1951), poet

Michèle Najlis (1948), poet

Daniel Ortega (1945), poet

Azarias H. Pallais (1884–1954), poet

Raphael Pallais (1952), writer

Joaquin Pasos (1914-1947), poet

Horacio Peña (1946), writer and poet.

Rodrigo Peñalba Franco (1981), narrator and author.

Sergio Ramírez (1942), writer

Guillermo Rothschuh Tablada (1926), poet

María Teresa Sánchez (1918-1994), poet

Mariana Sansón Argüello (1918), poet

Eunice Shade (1980), writer

Arlen Siu (?-1972), essayist

Juan Sobalvarro (1966), poet

Milagros Terán (1963), writer, poet, and essayist.

Julio Valle Castillo (1952), poet, novelist, essayist, literary critic and art critic

Daisy Zamora (1950), poet

Flavio Cesar Tijerino(1926-2006) Writer and poet.

Ernesto Cardenal

Reverend Father Ernesto Cardenal Martínez (born January 20, 1925) is a Nicaraguan Catholic priest and was one of the most famous liberation theologians of the Nicaraguan Sandinistas, a party he has since left. From 1979 to 1987 he served as Nicaragua’s first culture minister. He is also famous as a poet. Cardenal was also the founder of the primitivist art community in the Solentiname Islands, where he lived for more than ten years (1965-1977). He was nominated to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature in May 2005.